The Council of Florence is a nebulous thing. It took place at the climax of two historical epochs—the western struggle through schism and civil war and the eastern struggle through civil war and Turkish invasions. The divisions that these epochs led to—the western division into Protestant and Catholic, and the eastern division into Eastern Catholic, Greek Orthodox and Russian … [Read more...] about The Council of Florence: No Scholarly Consensus?
Archives for May 2019
There are few people in the history so studied as Martin Luther. He is certainly a complex figure, and his legacy is as divisive as it is broad. Still, a sympathetic look at a few objective facts about his life give us a picture of a sincere Christian with a troubled childhood and firm conviction. Among Protestants, his story can illustrate important lessons. Above all, it is … [Read more...] about The Fruits of Martin Luther’s Scrupulosity
Christian unity requires charity through humility. Humility means to bind up one’s identity with another; to say “I am because of you. I need you.” This must first be directed toward God, then to one’s own parents and one’s neighbor. Thus to “Love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, with all thy soul, and with all thy mind” means to not have a heart except that which is … [Read more...] about Antiquarianism: One Step from the Summit of Pride
Martin Luther and Ulrich Zwingli were only six months apart in age, and their separate spheres of Protestantism were largely independent of one another, although Ulrich could be said to have gotten many ideas from Martin. To a substantial degree, these two Protestant leaders agreed on doctrine. Unfortunately and ironically however, the one thing that separated them was their … [Read more...] about Martin Luther and Ulrich Zwingli at Marburg: Lessons for Protestants
In Nomine Patris et Filii et Spiritus Sancti, amen. Suscipe, Sancte Pater. Since 1964 and before, the near-longest division in the history of the Church—between the Chalcedonian Orthodox and the Miaphysites, dated from c. 500—has had promising developments. These events challenge Chalcedonian Orthodoxy in its own self-understanding and can lead individual Orthodox … [Read more...] about 10 Lessons the Chalcedonians can learn from their rapprochement with the Miaphysites