When the Nicene Creed was translated into Latin, a total of three interpolations were inserted into the text. Deum de Deo. The Greek text has φῶς ἐκ φωτός, Θεὸν ἀληθινὸν ἐκ Θεοῦ ἀληθινοῦ "Light from Light, True God from True God." But the Latin inserts the phrase "God from God" first: Deum de Deo, lumen de lúmine, Deum verum de Deo vero. It is unclear what the origin of … [Read more...] about The Three Interpolations in the Latin Nicene Creed
Peter and Paul are interdependent, yet not in the same way We see in the Latin liturgical tradition an interesting thing: with the major feast today (June 29th) as well as the minor feasts, both Apostles are always commemorated. If the feast is chiefly of the Prince of the Apostles, then St. Paul is also commemorated with an additional Collect and vice versa. This … [Read more...] about On the Limits of Papal Infallibility
The Latin Church, centered at Rome, gradually lost Greek due to historical reasons. However, the Greek and Latin Fathers were always understood to be of equal authority. We see this in St. Thomas, whose Catena Aurea quotes freely from all Fathers Greek and Latin. (Because of this assumption, the Latin Church eventually regained Greek). Thus in the west it was thought that, … [Read more...] about The Greek Schism is a result of rejecting the Latin Fathers
One Peter Five has been gracious enough to publish my short apologia against the Greek Schism. I will have a follow up essay which will be longer to expand on many of the issues presented here. In Christ, Timothy S. Flanders … [Read more...] about My Short Apologia against the Greek Schism
The Council of Florence is a nebulous thing. It took place at the climax of two historical epochs—the western struggle through schism and civil war and the eastern struggle through civil war and Turkish invasions. The divisions that these epochs led to—the western division into Protestant and Catholic, and the eastern division into Eastern Catholic, Greek Orthodox and Russian … [Read more...] about The Council of Florence: No Scholarly Consensus?